What is sharps waste?The term ‘sharps’ refers to any sort of waste that has the ability to pierce or puncture the skin. This definition does not necessarily refer to items that are specifically designed to puncture the skin. Sharps can refer to more common household items, such as knives, which can cause injury if handled amongst general waste. Items classified under sharps waste include:
- Hypodermic needles
- Tattoo needles
- Piercing needles
- Disposable scalpels and blades
- Contaminated or broken glass and some plastics
- Razor blades
- Sharp knives
- Shards of bone or teeth
- Metal wire
Why does sharps waste need to be disposed of separately?First and foremost, sharps can inflict injury on both the person disposing of the waste and the person removing the waste from the premises. In fact, according to the NHS, there have been 1,833 separate incident claims for needlestick injuries between 2012 and 2017. Because of this risk, it is imperative that sharps waste be stored and disposed of separately to prevent scratches, punctures, or any other sort of injuries to the skin. Aside from physical injury, sharps waste can also carry the risk of infections, as they are often used for purposes that bring them into direct contact with bodily fluids (including blood). Though items such as scissors, staples or pins are unlikely to contain any hazardous material, this can never be guaranteed. Regardless of whether the sharps waste is in the form a syringe or a broken piece of crockery, you can never know if there are traces of blood present. Contact with blood specifically should be the greatest concern and treated with the utmost caution, as even a small amount of infected fluid can spread diseases. Besides the practical safety considerations regarding sharps waste disposal, it is also a legal obligation that is enforced by the Health and Safety at Work Act. Failure to comply with these regulations is considered a criminal act and can result in prosecution, serious fines, or even the closure of your business.
Does my business need sharps waste disposal?Sharps waste disposal bins are a legal requirement for any public place, regardless of whether they use needles or syringes as part of their services. Sharps disposal bins could be needed in almost any industry; however, some common places where they are usually found include:
- Beauty or cosmetic industry
- Food industry
- Clothing industry
Which sharps waste disposal bin is right for my business?To ensure you are disposing of your sharps waste in the correct way, sharps bins have three colour coded lids dedicated to each specific type of sharps waste. It is imperative that your sharps waste is disposed of in the correct bin in order to prevent the spread of hazardous material:
- Orange lidded bins are for sharps that contains no pharmaceutically contaminated waste. This includes sharps such as knives or stationary supplies, but is also for items that could pierce or puncture the skin (syringes for blood samples, acupuncture, tattoo or piercing needles etc).
- Yellow lidded bins are for any other partially empty or empty sharps that could be contaminated with medicines or anesthetics.
- Purple lidded bins are for sharps that are contaminated with cytotoxic and cytostatic medicines. These can often be found in places offering hormone therapy or cancer treatment in the form of chemotherapy.
- Blue lidded bins are for sharps that contain out of date drugs, as well as any other items discarded within the handling of pharmaceuticals, such as gloves, bottles, masks, etc.